Hungarian Forint General Info
The forint – originally florentinus, taken from the Italian city of Florence – was used in Hungary as early as the fourteenth century. It is subdivided into 100 fillér, although due to the effects of inflation one fillér is now virtually worthless and the fillér coins are no longer in circulation.
The forint was replaced as Hungary’s currency but reintroduced following World War II after hyperinflation crippled the pengő used during and prior to the war.
As a member of the European Union, Hungary should, at some point, adopt the euro as its national currency. Since Hungary has not yet joined ERM-II (a requirement for euro adoption), the single currency is unlikely to be used in Hungary prior to the 2020s. In a survey of public opinion by the European Commission in 2015, 60% of Hungarians were in favour of replacing the forint with the euro.
Hungarians are mostly concerned with the value of their currency against the euro, since nearly 80% of Hungarian exports go to the euro area. Since the euro’s introduction in 1999, the EUR/HUF exchange rate has traded between 227.29 (July 2008) and 326.64 (January 2015).
Against the world’s reserve currency, the US dollar, the forint was weakest in October 2000 when USD/HUF reached 317.56. The currency was strongest in July 2008 when USD/HUF fell to 143.39.